Mental ray Since version 4.2 discreet company buys mental ray as advanced render engine has more realistic physical calculation. Mental ray became default 3ds max until version 2016. After that Autodesk give up on it and replace it with ART render engine.
Arnold, it’s the default 3ds max render engine since 2018. It’s the main render engine in 3ds max, powerful render engine has many advanced features. It’s not perfectly well with the interior designs but it’s very good in the exterior designs
Corona, it’s the second render engine popular these days. Its modern high-performance render engine has easy to use. It’s extremely powerful render engine has a very advanced way for the physical calculation. You can depend on it given you realistic results.
Vray it’s number one render engine. It’s the most powerful and popular used as render engine has everything you need for realistic results and fast
Others render engines like Maxwell, brazil, Redshift, and keyshot. To be honest, they are not popularly used as main render engines in most of the 3d designers.